The government has failed in recent years to take steps to prosecute perpetrators of sexual violence committed during the Khmer Rouge, according to the U.N. Secretary-General’s Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict.
Opposition CNRP President Sam Rainsy on Friday expressed his intention to take his dissatisfaction with the outcome of the July national election, over which his party is boycotting its National Assembly seats, to an international stage.
Speaking at the launch of a detailed election report by the Electoral Reform Alliance (ERA), a coalition of NGOs and monitors, which called the result of the election into question, Mr. Rainsy asked two independent election experts their thoughts about how his party should proceed.
“If I’m not happy, where should I file a complaint?” Mr. Rainsy asked Damuso Magbual, chairman of the Asian Network for Free Elections, and Vladimir Pran, an expert from Democracy Reporting International. “Is there any international jurisdiction in which I can file a complaint?”
Mr. Pran said there is no international court in which Mr. Rainsy could take such action and that the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights does not refer to any kind of complaints mechanism.
But speaking to reporters on the sidelines of the conference Friday, Mr. Rainsy insisted that he still intends to seek help outside Cambodia over the months-long standoff that has seen the opposition’s 55 elected lawmakers refuse to take their seats in parliament.
“I knew, but I just asked them because I wanted to know—in some countries, like in European countries, they can file a complaint to the International Court [of Justice] because they have the European Court of Human Rights, but in Asia, we do not have a similar international court,” Mr. Rainsy said.
The ERA report, which was posted online by the CNRP earlier this month, provides a comprehensive look at several aspects of the elections that the authors said were enough to “undermine confidence in the electoral process and its outcome, the extent to which the ERA cannot determine particularly without the disclosure of relevant data by government bodies.”
This includes the outdated way in which seats are allocated, an unusual amount of votes being cast for the ruling party in areas where irregularities were rife, and the process of creating the voter list, the report says.
Mr. Magbual said the present electoral situation in Cambodia was reminiscent of that in the Philippines in the 1980s, particularly in relation to the voter list, which monitors have said is flawed and failed to accurately represent eligible voters.
“I agree that a new voter registration should be done,” he said. “Invalidate the existing list and come up with a new one.”
The CNRP plans to hold a demonstration in Phnom Penh’s Freedom Park on Sunday, when Mr. Rainsy said further discussions to resolve the current political standoff will take place.
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