The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) and its partners launched the 90–90–90 targets in 2014 with the aim of diagnosing 90% of all HIV-positive people, provide antiretroviral therapy (ART) for 90% of those diagnosed, and achieve viral suppression for 90% of those treated by 2020. Despite considerable scaling up of ART across the world, 1.7 million people newly infected with HIV were detected in 2018. Eamonn Murphy, UNAIDS regional director for Asia and the Pacific, tells Sanchita Sharma why countries must retool programmes and focus on prevention, including scaling up pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV-free persons at high risk of infection, and self-testing, to end AIDS.
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