Paddy Price Rises, But Not Back to Normal

After diving below $150 per ton ahead of the Pchum Ben holiday, average rice paddy prices climbed this week to $230 per ton, a figure some farmers said was still too low.

After prices sunk from $250 per ton in the middle of August to $192 per ton early last month, the government approved $27 million in subsidies to help mills purchase paddy from farmers—also appealing to officials and friends of the ruling CPP to buy up as much paddy as possible.

Rice is displayed at a shop near Phnom Penh’s Central Market in September. (Siv Channa/The Cambodia Daily)
Rice is displayed at a shop near Phnom Penh’s Central Market in September. (Siv Channa/The Cambodia Daily)

However, most mills have not even used the subsidies, said Hun Lak, vice president of the Cambodia Rice Federation, instead tapping money from private reserves and orders received from international buyers, such as China, Malaysia, Hong Kong and Singapore.

“The first harvest season has nearly ended, while there are some orders from overseas markets, so the price has gone back up,” Mr. Lak said.

Mr. Lak also credited higher prices in Vietnam and Thailand for allowing Cambodia to sell at higher prices, and said a lack of orders, not a lack of money, was the reason for falling prices in the first place.

“Most of the intervening funds have not been used yet because the immediate problem was not the funds, but the orders from the markets,” Mr. Lak said. “When there are orders, rice mills will buy paddy from farmers.”

Kang Roeun, a rice farmer in Battambang province’s Sangke district, said the price in his area had increased to about $210 per ton, but that it was not enough to make him feel comfortable.

“It has not reached the reasonable level yet,” he said. “We need to wait and see the real situation.”

Similarly, Ping Sinuon, a rice farmer in nearby Battambang City, said he was still in a precarious position.

“Sometimes rice mills do not have enough space to keep paddy, so they will not buy our paddy,” he said. But “we need money to pay debts, so we will probably need to sell it at very low prices again.”

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